Filifili v. Seiuli_1

Series: 8ASR3d | Year: | ASR
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High Court of American Samoa


Land and Titles Division


LT No. 30-92


March 16, 2004


[1] Where the Court determined that the defendant should be evicted, but the defendant subsequently raised an “unjust enrichment” argument based on his construction of a house upon the same land, and raised said argument without having offered any evidence on the issue at trial, the Court properly awarded the defendant nominal damages in the amount of $1.00 and gave him 60 days to remove the house or have it deemed abandoned and forfeited to the plaintiff.


Before KRUSE, Chief Justice, and ATIULAGI, Associate Judge.


Counsel: For Plaintiff, Tautai Aviata F. Fa`alevao


For Defendant, Afoafouvale L.S. Lutu




The dispute here concerns the location of the late Defendant Seufale Seiuli’s house on land located in Faleniu village, which Alai`asa claims to be “Toa” and the subject of previous litigation before this court in Moea`i v. Te`o, 8 A.S.R.2d 85 (Land & Titles Div. 1988); aff’d sub nom. Moea`i v. Alai`a, 12 A.S.R.2d 91 (App. Div. 1989).1 Alai`asa claims that: 1) Defendant Seiuli’s house lies within “Toa” as awarded to the Alai`asa family in Moea`i v. Te`o, supra; and 2) Seiuli’s claim to entitlement is derivative based upon the competing title claims of Moea`i and/or Te`o, whose claims were resolved in favor of Alai`asa by the Moea`i v. Te`o court.


With regard to Alai`asa’s contention that Seiuli’s claim is derivative, we find that Seiuli’s wife had admitted as much in her deposition taken July 2, 2001. Mrs. Seiuli had deposed that her family was brought onto the 1 In this matter, an area of land known as “Toa” was awarded to the


Alai`asa’s family, while other portions of immediately adjacent lands


were awarded to the Moea`i family.


land in question by Moea`i in 1970. (Suiuli Dep. at 4.) In her deposition, Mrs. Seiuli also deposed that the land she was living on is Moea`i family land known as “Vaivai.” (Id. at 11.) At trial, the testimony of Defendant’s daughter, Paileulu Seiuli, was in accord.


In essence, the issue before us is simply to determine whether defendant’s house lies within Moea`i’s land known as “Vaivai” or within plaintiff’s land “Toa.” After seemingly interminable delays, for one reason or another, including aborted settlement attempts, this matter was finally tried. Meko Aiumu, a qualified surveyor, attended and testified.


Based on the evidence presented at trial, we find that defendant Seufale Seiuli’s house is in fact located within the Alai`asa family’s communal land Toa, and not within the Moea`i family’s land Vaivai. Wherefore, Plaintiff Alai`asa’s prayer for eviction will, therefore, be granted.


[1] Defendant’s counsel at final argument raised “unjust enrichment,” seeking compensation for the value of the house. Unfortunately, no evidence whatsoever was presented in this regard. Because this matter has been outstanding since 1992, after first being closed and then reopened, we are not inclined to again reopen the record for purposes of inquiry into the present day value of Defendant’s house. Notwithstanding, we will allow Defendant’s representative a nominal award in the amount of $1.00 and permit his family and assigns to remove Defendant’s house from Plaintiff’s land within the next 60 days. However, failure to so remove the structure within 60 days from date hereof will be deemed as an abandonment in favor of the situs and Plaintiff may thereafter enter and take possession


Judgment is rendered accordingly.


It is so ordered.